More than half of all pre-college early awareness and intervention initiatives are run by a college or university. The remainder are community- and school-based. Some are funded with federal dollars, others with state dollars and many through non-profit organizations. The most common goals of these programs are:
Services are typically delivered on a college campus or at an elementary or secondary school, and may include:
The student populations most often targeted by early awareness/early intervention programs are low-income, minority and/or students who would be the first-generation in their family to attend college. Most programs focus on middle and high school students although some begin in grade school.
Representing more than half of all total funding, the federal government is the largest source of financial support for early intervention programs although such funding is primarily for the federal TRIO and GEAR-UP programs. Financial support from state governments, non-profit organizations and colleges and universities make up the remainder. Most programs receive financial support from more than one source.
College Access Matters: The Opportunity for College Access Programs in Minnesota. St. Paul, MN: Minnesota Minority Education Partnership, Inc.
Short-term Early College Awareness: Key Strategies for Successful Early Intervention and Early College Awareness Programs. Alexandria, VA: National Association for College Admissions Counseling.
Swail, W.S. & Perna, L. W. (2002). Pre-College Outreach Programs, A National Perspective. Increasing Access to College: Extending Possibilities for All Students, Chp 1. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
Swail, W.S. (2000). Preparing America's Disadvantaged for College: Programs That Increase College Opportunity. Understanding the College Choice of Disadvantaged Students, v27 n3 p85-101 Fall 2000. San Francisco: New Directions for Institutional Research, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.