Sexual Assault Data Report
Minn. Stat. § 135A.15, Subd. 6 requires postsecondary institutions to annually report statistics on sexual assault to the Office of Higher Education (OHE). The following data is provided by each postsecondary institution; OHE calculates state totals based on that data.
Institutions Required to Submit Data
Postsecondary institutions are required to submit sexual assault data if they:
- offer in-person courses on a campus located in Minnesota;
- are eligible institutions as defined in Minn. Stat. § 136A.103; and,
- have system-wide enrollment of 100 students or greater in the prior academic year.
OHE adheres to current federal and state data privacy laws and best practices to protect the privacy of individual students. Reports and data required by Minn. Stat. § 135A.15, Subd. 6 are prepared and published as summary data, as defined in Minn. Stat. § 135A.15, Subd. 19, and are consistent with federal and state laws governing access to educational data and student privacy.
OHE's policy for complying with federal and state laws governing access to student records is to suppress student data in cells containing fewer than 10 students. In the data reports that follow, when "<10" is displayed the data for that cell is suppressed to protect student identity in compliance with federal and state privacy laws. Additionally, if only one cell in a column is suppressed, the cell with the second lowest count will also be suppressed to prevent identification.
Sexual Assault Definition
The definition of sexual assault for the purpose of this report was amended by the 2020 legislature. The definition of sexual assault in Minn. Stat. § 135A.15, Subd. 1(a) is now:
Sexual assault definition
- For the purposes of this section, the following terms have the meanings given.
- "Incident" means one report of sexual assault to a postsecondary institution, regardless of the number of complainants included in the report, the number of respondents included in the report, and whether or not the identity of any party is known by the reporting postsecondary institution. Incident encompasses all nonconsensual events included within one report if multiple events have been identified.
- "Sexual assault" means rape, sex offenses - fondling, sex offenses - incest, or sex offenses - statutory rape as defined in Code of Federal Regulations, title 34, part 668, subpart D, appendix A, as amended.”
Following are the definitions of the terms delineated in 1c:
"Rape – The penetration, no matter how slight, of the vagina or anus with any body part or object, or oral penetration by a sex organ of another person, without the consent of the victim...
Any sexual act directed against another person, without the consent of the victim, including instances where the victim is incapable of giving consent.
A. Fondling – The touching of the private body parts of another person for the purpose of sexual gratification, without the consent of the victim, including instances where the victim is incapable of giving consent because of his/her age or because of his/her temporary or permanent mental incapacity.
B. Incest – Sexual intercourse between persons who are related to each other within the degrees wherein marriage is prohibited by law.
C. Statutory Rape – Sexual intercourse with a person who is under the statutory age of consent."1
Please note that incest is now included in the definition of sexual assault for purposes of institutions’ data submission to the Office of Higher Education. Only incidents of sexual assault according to the above definitions of rape and sex offenses should be included in institutions’ data submission to the Office of Higher Education.
For more information on the definition of sexual assault, please refer to the Sexual Assault Data Reporting Manual.
- 34 C.F.R. § 668, Subpart D, Appendix A. (2014).
Scope of Incidents
The report below includes the number of incidents of sexual assault reported to the institution in the previous calendar year in which:
- Either the alleged victim or respondent was a member of the campus community (employee or student) at the time of the incident; or,
- the incident occurred on the institution's campus (or on property owned/rented by the institution); or,
- the incident occurred at an institutionally-sponsored event.
What Else You Should Know About This Data
The data provided by the Sexual Assault Data Report differs from the data postsecondary institutions provide in their annual Clery reports required by federal law.3 The sexual assault data provided here for Minnesota postsecondary institutions has a different scope of incidents and different categories than the institutions' Clery reports. Additionally, the data below includes reports to institutions that occurred prior to Minn. Stat. § 135A.15, Subd. 6 becoming law, so this data may be incomplete which impacts the reliability of the data.
It is also important to note that the data presented in this report only includes incidents that were reported to a postsecondary institution. Research on sexual assault indicates that the actual number of instances of sexual assault is likely higher than what is reported by victims to postsecondary institutions.
Additionally, some data in the report below may be duplicated across postsecondary institutions. For example, a single incident may be included in the report for two institutions in the instance where the victim and respondent attend different institutions and there is a report and/or response by both institutions.
Beyond sexual assault data reporting, Minn. Stat. § 135A.15 also requires institutions to implement sexual violence policies, provide training for students and staff, provide access to an online reporting system, and requires cooperation between institutions and local law enforcement. So the potential impacts of the legislation beyond data include increasing awareness of sexual violence at colleges, focusing attention on sexual violence prevention efforts and related campus climate issues, and forming effective institutional response.
For additional context on the sexual assault data provided, please see the detailed category descriptions below. The bullets detail reasons that an incident would be reported in some but not all categories.
Important Note: Category 11 (Victim Did Not Participate Pre-Disciplinary Process) was added as a reporting field to the 2017 version of the report (it was not included in 2016). Because there was not an appropriate category in 2016 to report the number of incidents reported by victims or other parties (e.g., staff member, faculty, witness, friend, etc.), but where the victim chose not to participate in the institution's investigation or disciplinary process, some institutions reported these instances in category 10 – inflating the count in that category. Most institutions, however, did not report these instances as part of the 2016 data collection because an appropriate category did not exist.
Sexual Assault Data Report
These data represent incidents of sexual assault reported to a postsecondary institution in Minnesota between January 1 and December 31 of each calendar year.
Download the 2020 Sexual Assault Data Report
Download the 2019 Sexual Assault Data Report
Download the 2018 Sexual Assault Data Report
Download the 2017 Sexual Assault Data Report
Download the 2016 Sexual Assault Data Report
Resources for Victims of Sexual Violence
Victims of sexual violence can connect with an advocate, access emergency resources, or find additional support through RapeHelpMN.org.
- Incidents Reported to Institution: The number of incidents of sexual assault reported to the institution during the prior calendar year within the scope defined above (total incidents).
- Include incidents that were reported as sexual assault but were later found not to be sexual assault or where the report was unfounded
- Reports include those incidents reported by the alleged victim as well as from other parties (e.g., staff member, faculty, witness, friend, etc.)
- Excludes anonymous reports and aggregate deidentified data provided to the institution from confidential resources
- Investigated: Of those in category #1, the number that were investigated by the institution to determine whether the institution's policy was violated.
- An investigation includes a formal investigation, an informal investigation, and an institutional inquiry
- Incidents may be reported to the institution but not investigated because:
- The victim chose not to proceed with the investigation and the institution determined there was no overriding concern to campus safety;
- An incident occurred but the allegation was not of sexual assault;
- A respondent was not a member of the campus community; or,
- A respondent was not identified.
- Referred for Disciplinary Process: Of those in category #2, the number that were referred for a disciplinary process at the institution.
- A disciplinary process includes any process by which the institution investigates, adjudicates, and makes a determination regarding an allegation in accordance
with the institution's own code of conduct or similar internal policy or rules.
- Reported to Law Enforcement: The number of total incidents (category #1) in which the alleged victim chose to report to local or state law enforcement, to the extent that the institution is aware.
- Includes any local or state law enforcement agency, not just those within Minnesota.
- Disciplinary Process Pending: The number for which a campus disciplinary process is pending, but has not reached a final resolution as of August 1 each year.
- The incident was reported to the institution by December 31, but by August 1 of the next year the case was not finalized.
- Pending cases include those that have been referred to an investigator but a recommendation has not been made whether there is sufficient grounds to refer the matter to an adjudicator; are still under investigation; are still under adjudication; a final determination has not been made; hearings have not reached their conclusion; appeal period has not yet expired; or the incident is under appeal.
- Respondent Found Responsible: The number in which the respondent(s) was/were found responsible for sexual assault by the disciplinary process at the institution.
- Includes only final (not initial) determinations of responsibility
- Action Greater than a Warning: The number that resulted in any action by the institution greater than a warning issued to the respondent.
- A warning is an issuance of an oral or written reprimand that has no adverse consequence.
- Examples of actions greater than a warning include required counseling, required training, a no-contact order, placing a hold on the students'
record/transcript, being issued a no-trespass order, being issued a partial no-trespass order that significantly limits campus access, removal from
campus housing, disciplinary probation, suspension, or expulsion.
- Closed Without Resolution: The number that resulted in a disciplinary process at the institution that closed without resolution.
- CWR - Respondent Withdrew: Of those in category #8, the number that resulted in a disciplinary process at the institution that closed without resolution because the respondent withdrew from the institution.
- CWR - Victim Did Not Participate: Of those in category #8, the number that resulted in a disciplinary process at the institution that closed without resolution because the alleged victim chose not to participate in the process (e.g. the victim chose not to move forward after the disciplinary process was initiated).
- Victim Did Not Participate Pre-Disciplinary Process: The number in which the alleged victim chose not to participate in the institution's process prior to a disciplinary (or investigation) process beginning (e.g. the victim chose not to move forward before the investigation and/or the disciplinary process began).
- Reports via Online Reporting System: The number of reports made through the online reporting system established in Minn. Stat. § 135A.15, Subd. 5, excluding reports submitted anonymously.