Major Changes to Title IX
- Broadens the scope of sex discrimination to include pregnancy and parenting discrimination, characteristics of sex, gender identity, sexual orientation, and sex-based harassment (used to be known as sexual harassment).
- Aligns Title IX with other Civil Rights laws such as Title VII, VI, Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973.
- Requires institutions to "promptly and effectively" respond to sex discrimination. It includes details of how employees must respond when told about sex-based harassment or sex discrimination; and training requirements for all students and employees.
- Includes a response by institutions to sex-based harassment and discrimination that occurs off campus or outside of the United States if a hostile environment is created within the education program or activity.
- Gives institution choices on how to respond to sex discrimination, including grievance procedures and informal resolution.
- Explains what needs to be included in the informal resolution and grievance procedures.
- Clarifies protections and processes for students with disabilities and pregnant and parenting students.
- Protects students who identify as transgender or nonbinary to access same-sex facilities that of their gender identity.
- Strengthens protections with regard to retaliation.
- Treats complainant and respondent equitably throughout the process.
Title IX NPRM Does Not Address
- Religious Exemption
- Gender Identity and Participation in Intercollegiate Athletics
For more information, click on the Comparison Chart of the Title IX proposed changes versus Current Rule
U.S. Department of Education Fact Sheet
U.S. Department of Education Chart